What is a „persona” and why you have to do it?

10 mins read

In the following article I will tell you what a persona is, why it is so important, how you do it, what problems you can encounter even when you already have a persona.


A buyer persona is a semi-fictional representation of your ideal customer based on market research and real data about your existing customers.


The buyer persona helps you understand the goals, motivations, and behaviors of your potential customers.

Why is persona so important?

The buyer persona helps you understand the goals, motivations, and behaviors of your potential customers.

For strategists:

For UX:

For Marketing & Content

For SEO & online advertising

How do you develop a persona?

A. For existing users:

  1. Interviews :  you already have an idea about your customer so all you have to do is write down your audience’s age, gender, interests and find some people in this target. Talk to them!
  2. Analytics Data : go with the numbers and analyze all your data:
    • Google Analytics;
    • Social Media analytics;
    • CRM;
    • email marketing analytics.
  3. Review help desk calls and website feedback. What are the main problems that you have, what are people saying?
  4. Analyze your own documentation:

    • marketing materials (newsletters, landing pages, flyers);
    • business strategy materials (vision, company culture);
    • Brand book.

B. For non-existing users:

  • Use the product goals;
  • Interview the stakeholders;
  • Check out trends in the industry;
  • Research the market.

After all that research, you can finally create your persona. But what do you write in your persona profile?

  • Name :  only the first name. Try to play with the words and make an alliteration like ”Hannah the housewife”.
  • Short Quote :  a short sentence that provides a quick overview of the persona. For instance, the quote for Hannah could be ”My family is first in my heart. I want what is best for them.”
  • Job Title :  what industry do your customers work in and what types of job titles do they have?
  • Location :  where do people from this persona live (big city or suburb)?
  • Age: what is the age range of this persona?
  • Relationship :  what is the relationship status of this persona (married, single, engaged)?
  • Education: what is the education level of this persona (college, master’s degree)?
  • Income : what is the income range of this persona (per year or per month)?
  • Interests : what are the interests of people in this persona (does he/she like to run, to paint or to read)?
  • How does a day of its life look like  when interacting with your product and why?
  • Behavior :  is your persona funny or serious? Is he/she career-oriented or family-oriented, is he/she in learning mode or in party mode, alpha or delta?
  • Motivation : what are this persona’s reasons for buying your product or service?
  • Goals & Challenges :  what are their primary and secondary goals? What challenges do they face and how can you solve them?
  • Pains :  what are the elements hurting your persona when it comes to the competition or your old products? What problem could you solve?
  • What does the persona value most :  can you offer that?
  • What kind of feeling do they wish to have when visiting your product/website?
  • Influencers & brands : what brands does this persona use, wear, relate to? what blogs does your persona read?

When we build persona we only use Google Documents, no other fancy tools even though we tried a few of them. We have our own template that looks similar to this:

Problems you might have when creating a persona:

  • you or your team can forget about personas;
  • you can find them less useful when your target audience is very large;
  • you can take them too literally;
  • can actually prevent empathy;
  • they are difficult to make;
  • they can be time-consuming;
  • there can be no budget for constructing personas;
  • personas are not a stand-alone artifact: you also need to create user scenarios, experience maps, content.

So, meet your target audience, talk to them and keep them in mind all the time. Make your own persona and then make the features, content, UX, marketing strategy or Facebook ads. Persona should be the first building block of your product’s core. Keep that in mind.

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